Jun 7, 2023

Main characteristics of Dalmatian

  • Size → medium / large.
  • Weight → between 23 and 32kg
  • Height → males: between 56 and 61 cm, females: between 54 and 59 cm.
  • Life expectancy → from 11 to 13 years
  • FCI Classification → Group 6, section 3.


The exact origin of the Dalmatian is unknown, although it is believed that the breed developed in the region that is now Croatia. The Dalmatian was originally used as a carriage dog, running alongside carriages and protecting them from thieves and dangerous animals. Later, the breed was used as a hunting dog and a pet. The Dalmatian’s popularity increased in the 19th century, thanks to its appearance in circuses and movies, and since then it has become one of the most popular dog breeds in the world.


Friendly, playful, energetic and loyal to his family. They can be a good choice for those who enjoy sports or outdoor activities. The Dalmatian can also be a protective and watchful dog. It is important to note that each dog has its own personality, and the character of a Dalmatian can vary depending on his early education and socialization, as well as genetics and other individual factors.


In general, Dalmatians are a healthy and robust dog breed, but like all dog breeds, they can be prone to certain health problems. One of the main concerns in the health of Dalmatians is that they are genetically prone to the formation of urinary stones. They may also be prone to hearing problems, skin diseases, eye problems, allergies and some musculoskeletal disorders.


They need a lot of exercise and physical activity. It is important to give them enough time to run, walk and play outdoors each day.

In addition to daily exercise, Dalmatians need an adequate diet. It is important to choose high quality foods that contain protein, fat and carbohydrates in the right proportions.

Regular visits to the veterinarian for check-ups and vaccinations, as well as dental care and cleaning of ears at home. It is also important to check and keep the skin and coat of the Dalmatian clean.


Dalmatian education should focus on the basic training of obedience, socialization, exercise and attention to anxiety and stress, to help develop a balanced and safe personality and keep the dog happy and healthy.


They are not born with spots: Although Dalmatians are known for their black and white spots, they are born completely white. The spots begin to appear around two weeks of age and continue to develop as the dog grows.