How to train an adult dog?

Dec 20, 2023

Is it possible to train a dog once it reaches adulthood?

Many people considering adding a new family member immediately think of young puppies, as there is a belief that they are much easier to train, and in the long term, living together at home will be better. Nothing could be further from the truth; adult dogs can be the best companions of all. We’ll discuss the advantages of adopting an adult dog in another post, as there are benefits compared to adopting a puppy. In this post, we’ll focus on the keys on how to train an adult dog, which is indeed possible and feasible.

Before delving into the 5 keys to train your adult dog, one thing must be clear, and that is that the foundation of any relationship is the bond, and you will start from a very good foundation if you work on it every day. It is the driving force behind their willingness to learn and adapt. Dedicate time to strengthen this connection through positive interactions, play, and affection. A dog that feels loved and secure by your side will be more motivated to learn and follow your cues. Patience, consistency, and mutual respect are the essence of a strong bond, building the foundation for education and harmonious living with your adult dog. If you’re interested in strengthening the bond with your dog, you can find more information here.

With this foundation in mind, the 5 keys to training an adult dog are as follows:

Establish Consistent Routines

Dogs find security in routine. Setting regular schedules for feeding, walks, and activities creates a predictable environment. Your dog will learn to anticipate its needs and, in turn, develop a sense of security and confidence in its surroundings. These routines also facilitate the incorporation of new behaviors, as the dog knows what to expect at different times of the day.

Consistency in daily routines is fundamental for your dog’s emotional stability. From mealtime to walks, following a predictable schedule provides your best friend with the assurance of knowing when things will happen. This not only facilitates adaptation to new behaviors but also creates an environment in which your dog feels comfortable and confident, allowing it to explore and learn more effectively.

Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is based on rewarding desirable behaviors. Whether with treats, effusive praise, or play, your dog will associate these rewards with positive actions, strengthening its willingness to repeat those behaviors in the future. This method is not only effective but also fosters a positive learning environment and reinforces the bond between you and your dog.

Positive reinforcement is a powerful tool for your dog’s education. By rewarding behaviors you want to encourage, whether with treats, affectionate praise, or playtime, you are creating positive associations that reinforce the likelihood of your dog repeating those behaviors in the future. Beyond its effectiveness, positive reinforcement establishes an emotional connection between your dog and you, building a solid foundation for continuous learning and positive behavior.

Patience and Persistence

Training an adult dog may take time. Patience is essential to allow your dog to assimilate new instructions and develop positive habits. Persistence comes into play by maintaining a consistent attitude in teaching, regardless of challenges. Repetition and constant reinforcement are key for your dog to internalize new behaviors.

Patience and persistence are crucial virtues when training an adult dog. Each dog has its own learning pace, and it is essential to provide the necessary time for them to internalize new instructions and behaviors. Persistence involves maintaining a consistent attitude, even in the face of challenges. Repeating lessons and reinforcing them consistently strengthens your dog’s understanding and contributes to effective education over time.

Clear Communication

Clear communication is essential in training your adult dog. Dogs are experts at reading body language and non-verbal signals, so your communication must be consistent and understandable. Using specific gestures, a consistent tone of voice, and clear postures reinforces your dog’s understanding of what you expect from them. Additionally, learning to interpret the signals your dog sends will strengthen the connection between both of you, improving the effectiveness of communication.

Continuous Socialization

Socialization is not limited to the puppy stage. Exposing your adult dog to different environments, people, and animals reinforces its confidence and improves its behavior in various situations. Continuous socialization contributes to a balanced and adaptable dog, ready to face any situation with confidence.

Continuous socialization is key to the emotional well-being and positive behavior of your adult dog. Regular exposure to different environments, interactions with people, and encounters with other animals reinforces its confidence and promotes balanced behavior. A well-socialized dog will be more adaptable and confident, resulting in harmonious coexistence and positive experiences for both them and you.


Training an adult dog is possible. In many instances, contrary to what most people may think, it is easier to start with an adult dog than with a puppy. The key is to build a strong bond with the animal and, from there, work with patience, clear communication, consistent routines, and not forgetting socialization.